5777 Spyglass Lane, Citrus Heights, CA  95610
(916) 966-6268


• Ph.D. Entomology (Major: Apiculture. Minors: Insect Biochemistry and Economic Entomology). Cornell University 1959. Dissertation: "A Study of Natural and Induced Supersedure of the Queen Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.)".
• B.S. Entomology. University of Florida 1955 (with Honors).


• Consulting: Legal, Industrial, Film, and Television Productions. 1966-present.
• University of California, Davis. 1962-1994. Professor of Entomology. Honey bee research, teaching University classes, administrative work, public service.
• Cornell University. 1959-62. Research Associate. Public Health Service Grant,"Bioactive Secretions of the Honey Bee".
• U.S. Department of Agriculture, Madison, Wisconsin. Summer, 1959. Research,honey bee breeding.
• Cornell University. 1955-59. Graduate Research Assistant. Research, teaching, lab and field research on honey bees.
• New York Department of Agriculture. Summer, 1955. Deputy Apiary Inspector. Survey and control of diseases of bees.
• A to Z Pest Control Agency. Ocala, Florida. Summer, 1954. Extermination of pests.
• Commercial beekeeping. Ocala, Florida. 1952-1955. Production, processing, marketing of honey.


• Over 60 years of diverse experiences with honey bees, including hobby and commercial beekeeping, research, teaching, and consulting for television and film industry. Specialize in research on the behavior of honey bees, especially the underlying causes and mechanisms.
• Author and co-author of over 110 publications on bees, including scientific papers, 4 book chapters, writing for beekeeping trade journals, and author of one beekeeping book.
• Consultant and expert witness for litigation involving bees and other insects.
• Consultant for honey bee and insect entertainment, displays, and fairs.
• Consultant for federal research projects that involve bees.
• First to document reproductive behavior, including the first observations and documentary filming of queen mating behavior.  First to discover queen bee sex attractant pheromones.
• Invented a magnetic retrieval capture/recapture system for studying the foraging activities of bees, e.g., documenting the distribution and flight range in the field.
• 30 years of studies concerning honey bee pollination of agricultural crops.
• Patented a device and method to remove queen bees from hives.
• Conducted studies on stinging and defensive behavior of honey bees, and developed mechanical bioassay procedures.
• Lead research team on 4 year project to determine effects of microwaves on honey bees to determine environmental risks of microwaves from solar power satellites in space.
• Studied the effects of pesticides on foraging activities of honey bees.
• Developed devices and methodology for quantitatively evaluating intra-colony mortality of honey bees caused by pesticides, diseases, and other factors.
• Developed concept and conducted research on the use of microencapsulation of materials to expedite ingestion of nutrients and medications by bees.
• Proposed concept and developed a method for enriching carbon dioxide with oxygen for narcotizing queen bees to facilitate instrumental insemination.
• Developed numerous methodologies and devices, especially vacuum devices, for handling, tagging, counting, confining, tracing, and otherwise manipulating bees for laboratory and field research.

• Taught beekeeping and entomology courses at U.C. Davis from 1962 to 1994.
• Taught continuing education courses and workshops for hobby beekeepers.                                            


• American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA) (inactive).
• American Federation of Musicians (AFM Local #12). (inactive)
• American Association for the Advancement of Science. (inactive)
• American Association of Professional Apiculturists.
• American Beekeeping Federation (inactive).
• American Registry of Professional Entomologists (inactive).
• Animal Behavior Society (inactive).
• Association of Natural Bio-control Producers (inactive).
• Entomological Society of America (inactive).
• International Bee Research Association (inactive).
• International Union for the Study of Social Insects (Inactive)
• Screen Actors Guild (SAG) (inactive)
• Sigma Xi ( an honorary Scientific Research Society).
• Western Apicultural Society.
• Western Fairs Association. (Inactive)


Bachelor of Science with Honors at University of Florida (1955).
• Received J.I. Hambleton Award for outstanding research achievements (1974).
• Centennial distinguished lecturer at Washington State University (1989).
• Outstanding Service to Beekeeping Award for 1990. Sponsored by the Western Apicultural Society.
Photo (selected from 115,000 entries) featured in color photo book "A Day in the Life of California" (1988). Collins Publishing.
• Received Latham Foundation Award for contributing to the production of several honey bee films which won national and international awards at film festivals (1973).
• Member of international commission, selected by National Academy of Science, to survey Brazil to evaluate the potential threat of Africanized Bees to the U.S. (1971).
• Received numerous research grants from National Science Foundation, National Institute of Public Health, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, various industry groups, and institutional grants.


• Organized the Western Apicultural Society (1977). Served as President (1977-78) and member of Board of Directors (1977-80).
• Editor of the Western Apicultural Society Proceedings (1985-92).
• Associate Editor and Reviewer of Bee Science (1990-94).
• Associate Editor of Space Solar Power Review (1979-88).
• Associate Editor of Bee World (1974-87).
• Board of Reviewing Editors, Journal of Economic Entomology (1992-94).
• President, International Union for the Study of Social Insects (1968).


• Functioned as photographer, co-director, consultant, actor, and/or talk show guest, during the production of numerous documentary and entertainment films and TV shows involving honey bees, including 2 segments on Newton's Apple, which won an Emmy in 1989 for the best daytime children's show. Have worked with many stars, including Ben Johnson, Merv Griffin, Burgess Meredith, Macaulay Culkin, Priscilla Presley, John Davidson, Efrem Zimbalist Jr., Dan Haggerty, Cathy Lee Crosby, Bill Cosby, Michael Landon, Tovah Feldshuh, Steve Frankin, Michael Parks, Gretchen Corbett, Horst Buckholtz, Fran Tarkenton, Melissa Gilbert, Leonard Nemoy, Katherine MacGregor, James Arness, Bruce Boxleitner, Julie Christie, Matthew Laborteaux, Paul Hecht, Jim Stafford, Chevy Chase, Jonathan Taylor Thomas, Julia Duffy, Robert Hays, Dan Akroyd, Jamie Lee Curtiss, Mary Stuart Masterson, Virginia Madsen, Tony Todd, David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, and others.
• Featured grandstand performer at Orange County Fair, 1991.
• Guest appearances on many TV shows (see filmography)
• Featured performer at Knott's Berry Farm 15th Annual County Fair (April 11-18, 1992).
• Featured performer annually (7 years) at Wine & Honey Festival, Livermore, California.


•Perform professionally on clarinet, alto sax, tenor sax, flute.
•Organized and lead Dixieland jazz band, “BEEZ KNEEZ” (1995-2004).
•Performed annually at Sacramento Jazz Jubilee (1979- present).
•Recording engineer for CDs (see discography).


•MaCarthur Agro-Ecology Research Center (Lake Placid, Fl), Research Advisory Committee (member, 1990-94).


• Numerous lectures and speaking engagements for service clubs and institutions.
• More than 200 newspaper and TV interviews on bee topics of contemporary interest.


• President, Sunset Villas Homeowners Association (1984-88).
• President, Sycamore North Commons Homeowners Association (1990-91).
President, Edgewood Homeowners Association (2009-2010)

PUBLICATIONS (See Bibliography).


• Marital status: Divorced; 2 children.
•Sports: Tennis.
•Outdoor: fishing.
•Photography: 35 mm and video.



1. Gary, N.E. 1958. Research review. Glean. Bee Cult. 86(5):284, 312.

2. Gary, N.E. 1958. Producing royal jelly. Glean. Bee Cult. 86(7):408-409.

3. Gary, N.E., R.S. Berger & R.G Young. 1959. Biology and dehydrogenase activities of the fat body of late instar American cockroaches, Periplaneta americana L. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 52(5):570-573.

4. Gary, N.E. 1959. The case of Utter vs. Utter. Glean. Bee Cult. 87(6):336-337.

5. Gary, N.E. 1960. A trap to quantitatively recover dead and abnormal honey bees from the hive. J. Econ. Entomol. 53(5):782-785.

6. Gary, N.E. 1961. Research review. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(8):477.

7. Gary, N.E. 1961. Research review. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(8):541.

8. Gary, N.E. & R.A. Morse. 1960. A technique for the removal of mandibular glands from living queen honeybees. Bee Wld. 41(9):229-230.

9. Gary, N.E. 1961. Antagonistic reactions of worker honeybees to the mandibular gland contents of the queen (Apis mellifera) Bee Wld. 42(1):14-17.

10. Gary, N.E. 1961. Mass production of honey bee larvae. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(9):550-552, 569.

11. Gary, N.E. 1961. Research review. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(10):605, 635.

12. Gary, N.E. 1961. Research review. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(11):669, 695.

13. Gary, N.E. & R.A. Morse. 1961. Communication among social bees- a review. Glean. Bee Cult. 88(11):680-681.

14. Gary, N.E. 1961. Queen honey bee attractiveness as related to mandibular gland secretion. Science 133(3463):1479-1480.

15. Gary, N.E., R.W. Ficken & R.C. Stein. 1961. Honey bee larvae (Apis mellifera L.) for bird food. Avicult. Mag. 67(1):27-32.

16. Gary, N.E. 1961. Mandibular gland extirpation in living queen and worker honey bees. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 54(4):529-531.

17. Morse, R.A. & N.E. Gary. 1961. Colony response to worker bees confined with queens (Apis mellifera L.). Bee Wld. 42(8):197-199.

18. Morse, R.A. & N.E. Gary. 1961. Insect invaders of the honeybee colony. Bee Wld. 42(7):179-181.

19. Ghent, R.L. & N.E. Gary. 1962. A chemical alarm releaser in honey bee stings (Apis mellifera L.). Psyche 69(1):1-6.

20. Gary, N.E. 1962. Chemical mating attractants in the queen honey bee. Science 136(3518):773-774.

21. Gary, N.E. & R.A. Morse. 1962. The events following queen cell construction of honeybee colonies. J. Apic. Res. 1(1):3-5.

22. Morse, R.A., N.E. Gary & T.S.K. Johansson. 1962. Mating of virgin queen honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) following mandibular gland extirpation. Nature 194(4828):605.

23. Gary, N.E. & R.A. Morse. 1962. Queen cell construction in honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies headed by queens without mandibular glands. Proc. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. (A) 37(7-9):77-78.

24. Morse, R.A. & N.E. Gary. 1963. Further studies of the responses of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) colonies to queens with extirpated mandibular glands. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 56(3):372-374.

25. Gary, N.E. 1963. Observations of mating behavior in the honeybee. J. Apic. Res. 2(1):3-13.

26. Bermant, G. & N.E. Gary. 1966. Discrimination training and reversal in groups of honey bees. Psychon. Sci. 5(5):179-180.

27. Gary, N.E. 1966. Maintenance of isolated queen bees under laboratory conditions- a preliminary research report. Am. Bee J. 106(11):412-414.

28. Gary, N.E. 1966. Robbing behavior in the honey bee. Am. Bee J. 106(12):446-448.

29. Gary, N.E. 1967. A method of evaluating honey bee flight activity at the hive entrance. J. Econ. Entomol. 60(1):102-105.

30. Gary, N.E. 1967. Flight of honey bee colonies, as affected by Bidrin applied on ladino clover. J. Econ. Entomol. 60(3):677-680.

31. Gary, N.E. 1967. Flight activity of honey bee colonies after confinement under high-temperature conditions. J. Econ. Entomol. 60(3):681-682.

32. Gary, N.E. 1967. Diurnal variations in the intensity of flight activity from honey bee colonies. J. Apic. Res. 6(2):65-68.

33. Gary, N.E., H.H. Hagedorn & J. Marston. 1967. The behavior of mated queen bees when "colonized" in multiple queen groups without worker bees. Apiacta 2(4):9-12.

34. Gary, N.E. 1968. A glass-walled observation hive. Am. Bee J. 103(3):92-94 and 103(4):143-144, 146.

35. Gary, N.E. & W. Stanger. 1968. An observation bee hive. U.C. Agric. Ext. Serv. Bull. OSA 208.

36. Gary, N.E. 1970. Pheromones of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. In: Control of Insect Behavior by Natural Products, Academic Press, New York, pp. 29-53.

37. Gary, N.E. 1971. Observations on flight-experienced queen honeybees following extra-apiary release. J. Apic. Res. 10(1):3-9.

38. Gary, N.E. & P.C. Witherell. 1971. A method for training honey bees to forage at feeding stations. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 64(2):448-449.

39. Gary, N.E. & J. Marston. 1971. Mating behavior of drone honey bees with queen models (Apis mellifera L.). Anim. Behav. 19(2):299-304.

40. Gary, N.E. 1971. A new tagging and recapture method for evaluating honey bee pollination activity. Calif. Agric. 25(6):4-6.

41. Gary, N.E. 1971. Magnetic retrieval of ferrous labels in a capture-recapture system for honey bees and other insects. J. Econ. Entomol. 64(4):961-965.

42. Gary, N.E. 1971. Possible approaches to controlling the African bee. Am. Bee J. 111(11):426-429.

43. Gary, N.E. 1971. Communication by chemical signals. Science 174:1013-1014.

44. Stanger, W., L. Foote, H.H. Laidlaw, R.W. Thorp, N.E. Gary & L.H. Watkins. 1971. Fundamentals of California beekeeping. U.C. Div. Agric. Sci. Man. 42.

45. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & J. Marston. 1972. Foraging range and distribution of honey bees used for carrot and onion pollination. Environ. Entomol. 1(1):71-78.

46. Gary, N.E. 1972. Tracking down the busy bee. Almond Facts 37(1):4-7.

47. Gary, N.E., R.F.L. Mau & W.C. Mitchell. 1972. A preliminary study of honey bee foraging range in macadamia (Macadamia integrifolia Maiden & Betche). Proc. Hawaii Entomol. Soc. 21(2):205-212.

48. Gary, N.E. & W.C. Mitchell. 1972. The foraging range of honey bees used for macadamia pollination. Proc. 12th Annual Mtg. Hawaii Macadamia Prod. Assoc., pp. 45-57.

49. Gary, N.E. 1973. The potential threat of the "Brazilian" bee to U.S. beekeeping. Apiacta 8(3):113-114.

50. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & J.M. Marston. 1973. Distribution of foraging bees used to pollinate alfalfa. Environ. Entomol. 2(4):573-578.

51. Gary, N.E. 1974. Pheromones that effect the behavior and physiology of honey bees. In: Pheromones. Am. Elsevier Publ. Co., Inc., New York, pp. 200-221.

52. Nazer, I.K., T.E. Archer, N.E. Gary & J. Marston. 1974. Honey bee pesticide mortality: Intoxication versus acetylcholinesterase concentration. J. Apic. Res. 19(1):55-60.

53. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & J.M. Marston. 1975. The distribution of foraging honey bees from colonies used for honeydew melon pollination. Environ. Entomol. 4(2):277-281.

54. Gary, N.E. 1975. Activities and behavior of honey bees. In: The Hive and The Honey Bee, Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Ill., pp. 185-264.

55. Gary, N.E. & K. Lorenzen. 1976. How to construct and maintain an observation bee hive. U.C. Coop. Ext. Leafl. 2853.

56. Gary, N.E. & J.M. Marston. 1976. A vacuum apparatus for collecting honey bees and other insects in trees. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 69(2):287-289.

57. Gary, N.E. & H.H. Laidlaw. 1976. Ward Stanger, extension apiculturist, retires. Am. Bee J. 116(1):12-20.

58. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & J.M. Marston. 1976. The inter- and intra-orchard distribution of honeybees during almond pollination. J. Apic. Res. 15(1):43-50.

59. Gary, N.E. & K. Lorenzen. A method for collecting the honey-sac contents from honeybees. J. Apic. Res. 15(2):73-79.

60. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell, K. Lorenzen & J.M. Marston. 1977. Area fidelity and intra-field distribution of honey bees during the pollination of onions. Environ. Entomol. 6(2):303-310.

61. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell, K. Lorenzen & J.M. Marston. 1977. The interfield distribution of honey bees foraging on carrots, onions, and safflower. Environ. Entomol. 6(5):637-640.

62. Gary, N.E. & P.C. Witherell. 1977. Distribution of foraging bees of three honey bee stocks located near onion and safflower fields. Environ. Entomol. 6(6):785-788.

63. Mussen, E. & N. Gary. 1978. Western Apicultural Society is growing. Am. Bee J. 118(2):84-85.

64. Lorenzen, K. & N. Gary. 1978. Two new educational honey bee films are available. Am. Bee J. 118(3):160-161.

65. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen. 1978. A comparison of the foraging activities of common Italian and "Hy-Queen" honey bees. Environ. Entomol. 7(2):228-232.

66. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen. 1978. The distribution and foraging activities of common Italian and "Hy-Queen" honey bees during alfalfa pollination. Environ. Entomol. 7(2):233-240.

67. Gary, N.E. 1978. Beekeeping as a hobby or economic sideline. In: Living on a Few Acres, U.S. Dep. Agric. Yb., pp. 244-255.

68. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & J.M. Marston. 1978. Distribution and foraging activities of honeybees during almond pollination. J. Apic. Res. 17(2):188-194.

69. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen. 1979. Distribution of honeybees during water collection. J. Apic. Res. 18(1):26-29.

70. Gary, N.E. 1979. Factors that affect the distribution of foraging honey bees. Proc. IVth Intl. Symp. on Pollination, MD. Agric. Exp. Sta. Spec. Misc. Publ. 1:353-358.

71. Ebadi, R., N.E. Gary & K. Lorenzen. 1980. Effects of carbon dioxide and low temperature narcosis on honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Environ. Entomol. 9(1):144-147.

72. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen. 1980. Distribution of foraging honey bees to multiple, small floral plots of various species. Environ. Entomol. 9(1):43-46.

73. Ebadi, R. & N.E. Gary. 1980. Factors affecting the survival, migration of spermatozoa and onset of oviposition in instrumentally inseminated queen honeybees. J. Apic. Res. 19(2):96-104.

74. Ebadi, R. & N.E. Gary. 1980. Acceptance by honeybee colonies of larvae in artificial queen cells. J. Apic. Res. 19(2):127-132.

75. Gary, N.E. & B.B. Westerdahl. 1981. Flight, orientation, and homing abilities of honeybees following exposure to 2.45-GHz CW microwaves. Bioelectromag. 2:71-75.

76. Westerdahl, B.B. & N.E. Gary. 1981. Chronic exposure of a honey bee colony to 2.45 GHz continuous wave microwaves. Space Slr. Pwr. Rev. 2:283-295.

77. Westerdahl, B.B. & N.E. Gary. 1981. Survival, development, and teratology of honey bee brood (Apis mellifera L.) following exposure to 2.45 GHz continuous wave radiation. Space Slr. Pwr. Rev. 2:297-303.

78. Gary, N.E. & K. Lorenzen. 1981. Bee vacuum device and method of handling bees. U.S. Patent 4,288,880, Sept. 15.

79. Gary, N.E., P.C. Witherell & K. Lorenzen. 1981. Effect of age on honey bee foraging distance and pollen collection. Environ. Entomol. 10(6):950-952.

80. Westerdahl, B.B. & N.E. Gary. 1981. Longevity and food consumption of microwave-treated (2.45 GHz C W) honeybees in the laboratory. Bioelectromag. 2:305-314.

81. Gary, N.E. & B.B. Westerdahl. 1981. Longevity of microwave-treated (2.45 GHz Continuous Wave) honey bees in observation hives. Environ. Entomol. 10(6):991-994.

82. Gary, N.E. & B.B. Westerdahl. 1982. Food foraging of honey bees in a microwave field (2.45 GHz C W). Environ. Entomol. 11(1):95-99.

83. Nelson, D. & N.E. Gary. 1983. Honey productivity of honeybee colonies in relation to body weight, attractiveness and fecundity of the queen. J. Apic. Res. 22(4):209-213.

84. Schneider, S.S. & N.E. Gary. 1984. 'Quacking': A sound produced by worker honeybees after exposure to carbon dioxide. J. Apic. Res. 23(1):25-30.

85. Gary, N.E. 1984. The environmental impact of underpriced honey imported into the U.S. Amer. Bee J. 124(2):120-123.

86. Harizanis, P.C. & N.E. Gary. 1984. The quality of insemination of queen honey bees mated under commercial conditions. Am. Bee J. 124(5):385-387.

87. Gary, N.E. & E.C. Mussen. 1984. Impact of Mediterranean fruit fly malathion bait spray on honey bees. Environ. Entomol. 13(3):711-717.

88. Gary, N.E. & K. Lorenzen. 1984. Improved trap to recover dead and abnormal honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from hives. Environ. Entomol. 13(3):718-723.

89. Waller, G.D., N.E. Gary, S.T. Chester, Jr., M.S. Karim, J.H. Martin & B.E Vassiere. 1985. Honeybee colony populations and foraging rates on onion seed-fields in Arizona. J. Apic. Res. 24(2):93-101.

90. Gary, N.E., H.V. Daly, S. Locke & M. Race. 1985. The Africanized honey bee: ahead of schedule. Calif. Agric. 39(11/12):4-7.

91. Schneider, S.S., J.A. Stamps & N.E. Gary. 1986. The vibration dance of the honey bee. I. Communication regulating foraging on two time scales. Anim. Behav. 34(2):377-385.

92. Schneider, S.S., J.A. Stamps & N.E. Gary. 1986. The vibration dance of the honey bee. II. The effects of foraging success on daily patterns of vibration activity. Anim. Behav. 34(2):386-391.

93. Lorenzen, K. & N.E. Gary. 1986. Modified dissection technique for diagnosis of tracheal mites (Acari: Tarsonemidae) in honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 79(5):1401-1403.

94. Danka, R.G. & N.E. Gary. 1987. Estimating foraging populations of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) from individual colonies. J. Econ. Entomol. 80(2):544-547.

95. Gary, N.E. & K. Lorenzen. 1987. Vacuum device for collecting and dispensing honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and other insects into small cages. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 80(5):664-667.

96. Gary, N.E. & R.E. Page, Jr. 1987. Phenotypic variation in susceptibility of honey bees, Apis mellifera, to infestation by tracheal mites, Acari woodi. Exp. App. Acarol. 3:291-305.

97. Gary, N.E. 1987. "Killers" on the loose. In: Science Year, World Book, Inc., Chicago, p. 214.

98. Gary, N.E. 1987. Bees - A nutritious food for captive reptiles and amphibians. In: Captive Propagation and Husbandry of Reptiles and Amphibians. Proceedings of the Northern California Herpetological Society. Special Publication #4, pp. 132-136.

99. Gary, N.E. and K. Lorenzen. 1988. Substage illumination device for restraining flight of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) and positively phototactic insects. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 81(4):700-703.

100. Harizanis, P.C., N.E. Gary & J.L. Hedrick. 1988. Analysis and content of ATP in spermatozoa of honeybees. J. Apic. Res. 26(3):150-155.

101. Gary, N.E. 1988. An observation beehive. In: Beekeeping in California. Cooperative Extension Publication 21422. pp. 57-61.

102. Gary, N.E. and R. E. Page, Jr. 1989. Tracheal mite (Acari: Tarsonemidae) infestation effects on foraging and survivorship of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 82(3):734-739.

103. Page, R.E., Jr. and N.E. Gary. 1989. Genotypic variation in susceptibility of honey bees, Apis mellifera, to infestation by tracheal mites, Acarapis woodi. Exp. & Appl. Acarol. 8:275-283.

104. Gary, N.E. and K. Lorenzen. 1989. Effect of methamidophos on honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) during alfalfa pollination. J. Econ. Entomol. 82(4):1067-1072.

105. Gary, N.E., R.E. Page, Jr., and K. Lorenzen. 1989. Effect of age of worker honey bees Apis mellifera L. on tracheal mite Acarapis woodi Rennie infestation. Exp. & Appl. Acarol. 7:153-160.

106. Gary, N.E. 1989. Beekeeping in the urban environment. Proceedings, Western Apicultural Society. pp. 37-42.

107. Gary, N.E. and K. Lorenzen. 1990. Vacuum devices for capturing and partitioning commingled subpopulations of honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 83(6):1152-4.

108. Gary, N. E., R. E. Page, Jr., R. A. Morse, C. E. Henderson, M. E. Nasr, and K. Lorenzen. 1990. Comparative resistance of honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) from Great Britain and United States to Infestation by Tracheal mites (Acarapis woodi). Amer. Bee J. 130:667-669.

109. Gary, N. E. 1991. Varroa mites, tracheal mites, and Africanized bees...the challenges ahead. Amer. Bee J. 131:(1):34-39.

110. Gary, N.E. 1992. Activities and behavior of honey bees. In: The Hive and The Honey Bee, Dadant & Sons, Hamilton, Ill., pp. 269-372.

111. Guzman-Novoa, E. and N. E. Gary. 1993. Genotypic Variability of Components of Foraging Behavior in Honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 86:(3):715-721.

112. Guzman-Novoa, E., R. E. Page, Jr., and N. E. Gary. 1994. Behavioral and life history components of division of labor in honey bees (Apis mellifera L.). Behav. Ecol. and Sociobiol. 34:(6):117-409.

113. Ebadi, R., N. E. Gary, and K. Lorenzen. Mixtures of carbon dioxide, oxygen and nitrogen for narcotizing honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) (Hymenoptera: Apidae). In preparation.

114. Gary, Norman E.  2010.  Honey Bee Hobbyist. Bowtie Press, Irvine, CA  92618.  176 Pages.